Report Text

Report text  hampir sama dengan descriptive text, yang membedakannya adalah objek yang diceritakan berbentuk jamak sedangkan objek yang terdapat dalam descriptive text berbentuk tunggal. Teks report adalah teks yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu/benda-benda secara umum, misalnya berbagai benda/fenomena alam, buatan, dan sosial yang ada atau terjadi di lingkungan kita.

Teks report mengupas suatu hasil pengamatan, penelaahan, penelitian, observasi, atau studi tentang benda, binatang, orang, atau tempat. Participant (yang dideskripsikan) pada report cenderung general. Data yang tersaji umumnya berupa simpulan umum akan karakteristik, ciri, dan atau keberadaan dan keadaan participant.

Generic Structure dari report text

  1. General classification (klasifikasi umum): pengantar tentang sesuatu/fenomena yang akan dibahas
  2. Description (deskripsi) : menerangkan sesuatu/fenomena yang dibahas, meliputi bagian-bagian, kualitas dan perilaku.

Ciri-ciri teks report

  1. Menggunakan simple present tense (is, am, are, does, do, kata kerja bentuk 1)
  2. Terdiri dari sebuah objek ditambah objek tentang alam lainnya.
  3. Tujuan report text adalah it is to describe “objek” in general

Berikut adalah contoh report text


           People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there.

           Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. Travel is usually safe and pleasant.

           Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. hotelPeople can find the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers, brochures, the internet, and magazines. Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. First,business travellers wish to stay close to the offices or industrial plants they plan to visit. Second, the location of the airport is close to the hotels.

           As the pace of jet travel grows, hotels spring up near airports. Some travellers stay at the airport inns when their flights are delayed. To save time, business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. Once the plane lands, the hotel is only minutes away.

Kata yang digarisbawahi merupakan bentuk simple present tense, ciri dari report text.

The other example


           jellyfish 2Jellyfish are not really fish. They are invertebrate animals. This means that unlike fish or peopple, they have no backbones. In fact, they have no bones at all.

           Jellyfish have stomachs and mouths, but no heads. They have nervous systems for sensing the world around them, but no brains. They are made almost entirely of water, which is why you can look through them.

           Some jellyfish can glow in darkness by making their own light. The light is made by a chemical reaction inside the jellyfish. Scientists believe jellyfish glow for several reasons. For example, they may glow to scare away predators or to attract animals they like to eat.

           Most jellyfish live in salt water, apart from a few types that live in fresh water. Jellyfish are found in oceans and seas all over the world. They live in war, tropical seas and in icy waters near the North and South poles.

Answer the questions by clicking the radio button!

1. Which one creates jellyfish's light?

2. Which one is TRUE about the jellyfish based on the text?

3. What is the text about?

4. "Some jellyfish can glow in darkness by making their own light." (Paragraph 3) The word "glow" in the sentence means......

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4 comments on “Report Text
  1. neneng Yulianty says:

    Thanks, soalnya bantu aku buat latihan murid2 ku.

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