Procedure Text

Teks procedure bertujuan menerangkan cara membuat/melakukan sesuatu berdasarkan serangkaian langkah atau kegiatan (steps).

Generic structure teks procedure :

  1. Aim/goal (tujuan) : dapat berupa judul.
  2. Materials : bahan dan alat yang diperlukan. Namun, tidak semua teks procedure memerlukan tahap ini. Bagian ini dapat diberi label “You’ll need”, “Ingredients”, atau “Supplies needed”.
  3. Steps : langkah-langkah untuk melakukan kegiatan (teks procedure). Bagian ini juga dapat diberi label “what to do”, “Method”, atau “Instructions”.

Ciri-ciri teks procedure

  1. Menggunakan simple present tense, biasanya berbentuk kalimat imperative (perintah) dan menggunakan action verbs seperti : turn on, stir, cook.
  2. Menggunakan kata hubung temporal, misalnya first, second, then, next, after dan finally.
  3. Biasanya menjelaskan tentang pembuatan makanan dan barang atau pengoperasian sesuatu.

Contoh 1

ES TELER (Ice Fruit Cocktail with Condenced Milk)

Ingredients :

  • 150 gr sugares teler
  • 2 pandan leaves
  • 50 ml water
  • 400 gr ripe avocado, cut into 1 cm cube
  • 400 gr ripe jackfruit, deseeded and cut into 1 cm cube
  • 3 young coconut, meat scraped out
  • Crushed ice
  • Condensed milk

Steps :

  • Combine sugar, pandan leaves and water in a small saucepan.
  • Heat for a few minutes until sugar dissolves.
  • Cool syrup
  • Place generous spoonfuls of cube avocado, jackfruit and young coconut into a serving bowl.
  • Add a little syrup to sweeten
  • Top with crushed ice and drizzle on a condensed milk
  • Serve immediately

Contoh 2

The following steps tell how to wash the clothes using a washing machine. First, mesin cuciseparate the coloured clothes from the others. Then, put them in the washing machine, turn the machine on, set it to the wash selection and pour the detergent powder in.  Next, wait for the tub to fill with water. After the process of washing has finished, let the clothes drain through the drain hose. After that, see the knob of the wash timer again, this time to rinse for three minutes. Do this twice for a good rinsing. Finally, put the wet clothes into the spin compartment, see the knob and wait until the spin processing shuts off. Now, you are ready to put the clothes on the line.

Answer the following questions by clicking the radio button!

1. When is the detergent powder poured into the washing machine?

2. What is the text above about?

3. From the text above we know that.....

Kunci keberhasilan menaklukkan soal teks prosedur adalah mampu memahami kosakata sesuai dengan konteks. Jadi, perkayalah kosakata kalian dengan banyak membaca dan menghapal kosakata.

Jika kalian menemukan soal tentang rujukan kata (terutama teks procedure), lakukan hal-hal berikut:

  1. Pahami kalimat soal, terutama kata yang merujuk. Dalam hal ini, kalimat tersebut dianggap sebagai informasi baru.
  2. Pahami kalimat sebelumnya. Apabila kalimat tersebut merupakan rangkaian langkah dalam teks procedure, pelajari kalimat-kalimat pada langkah sebelumnya. Dalam hal ini, kalimat tersebut dianggap sebagai informasi lama.
  3. Pusatkan perhatian pada kata-kata yang merupakan informasi lama. Hal itu merupakan kata-kata yang dirujuk.

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One comment on “Procedure Text
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