Descriptive Text

Teks descriptive adalah suatu bacaan yang mendeskripsikan dan menjelaskan dengan detail tentang seseorang, suatu benda, tempat, atau hewan.

Struktur teks descriptive (generic structure) adalah :

1. Identification (identifikasi) adalah pendahuluan , berupa gambaran umum tentang suatu topik.

2.  Description (deskripsi) adalah berisi ciri-ciri khusus yang dimiliki benda, tempat, atau orang yang dideskripsikan.

Ciri-ciri teks descriptive :

  • Menggunakan simple present tense
  • Menggunakan attribute verb, seperti be (am, is, are)
  • Hanya fokus pada satu objek tersebut.

Tujuan teks descriptive adalah to describe about “objek” in detail/particular/specifically/general.

Berikut adalah contoh-contoh teks descriptive.……

Contoh teks descriptive tentang tempat

My house is on Jalan Kartini. It is big and nice.

It has two floors. It has a living room, a small kitchen and a bathroom on the first floor. On the second floor there are three bedrooms and a bathroom. My parents’ bedroom is big. My brother’s room is next to my room. My room is small but I like it.

It has light green wall. There is a desk with a computer on it. I do homework there. There is also a nice garden in front of my house and I often play in the garden. We love our house.

Contoh teks descriptive tentang orang

Vanessa Mae Vanakom Nicholson is a musician.

She is only nineteen years old, but she is a world-famous violinist. When she plays classical violin concertos on her electric violin, the world listens.

Vanessa Mae is Thai-Chinese. Her mother is Chinese and her father is Thai. She is from Singapore, but she now lives in London with her mother and her English stepfather. She’s got cousins, aunts, uncles and grandparents in Thailand, Singapore, China and England.

Contoh lain dari teks descriptive beserta pertanyaannya


foto monas

The National Monument (or Monumen Nasional) is a 132 meters tower in the center of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta. It symbolizes the fight for Indonesia’s independence. The monument consist of a 117,7 m obelisk on a 45 m square platform at a height of 17 m.

The towering monument symbolizes the philosophy of Lingga and Yoni. Lingga resembles, rice pestle (alu) and Yoni resembles a mortar rice (lesung), two important items in Indonesian agricultural tradition.

The construction began in 1961 under the direction of President Soekarno and the monument was opened to the public in 1975. It is topped by a flame covered with gold foil. The monument and museum is opened daily from 08.00 – 15.00 every day throughout the week, except for the last Monday of the month the monument is closed.

Answer the following questions by clicking the radio button !

1. "It" symbolizes the fight ......" (paragraph 1) The underlined word refers to ......

2. What is the main idea of paragraph one?

3. The text mainly tells us about.....

Kunci keberhasilan memahami sebuah teks adalah memahami makna kata atau kalimat dalam teks.

Soal di atas merupakan contoh soal tentang gambaran umum. Gambaran umum bacaan bisa merupakan topik utama atau ide pokok. Soal-soal yang menanyakan gambaran umum biasanya menggunakan kalimat “What is the text about?” atau “What does the text tell you about?”.

Untuk mengetahui gambaran umum teks descriptive, anda dapat melakukan kegiatan sebagai berikut

  1. Perhatikan subjek kalimat pertama dalam paragraf satu. Biasanya subjek kalimat pertama merupakan hal utama yang akan dideskripsikan. Sebagai contoh, subjek kalimat pertama paragraf satu adalah Vanessa Mae. Jadi, isi teks tersebut adalah Vanessa Mae.
  2. Perhatikan kata ganti orang atau benda (pronoun) yang sering muncul. Saat mendeskripsikan tentang ciri-ciri sesuatu atau seseorang, penulis pasti mengulang-ulang  subjek yang dideskripsikan dengan pronoun. Contoh, saat mendeskripsikan Vanessa Mae, penulis menggunakan pronoun ‘she’ ataupun possessive pronoun ‘her’.
  3. Perhatikan bagian identification teks descriptive yang terdapat pada paragrap satu. Di sini dijelaskan tentang apa dan bagaimana sebuah subjek secara umum.Dan pada bagian description, penjelasan tentang subjek akan lebih rinci.
  4. Catat gagasan utama setiap paragraf dan simpulkan gambaran umum teks tersebut.

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2 comments on “Descriptive Text
  1. Situs bagus buat referensi ini. Terima kasih atas sharingnya mengenai materi pembelajaran SMP/MTs

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